Scale Rotations (One & Two Octave Examples)

Examples include D, G & C major, to be extrapolated to other keys. The important elements in practicing scales this way are 1) the right hand remains constant (full half-note bows), 2) students strengthen rhythmic relationships against a steady pulse, and 3) the lowest leading tone is included, often involving a new finger placement.

Bowing & Rhythm Patterns for Scales

Use this sheet for reference to over 30 bowing patterns and rhythms that can be applied to the any system of scales. This is a great way to practice certain bowing challenges and/or articulations. 

Two Octave Major Scales

With suggested fingerings and slurred-two quarter notes, these scales are formatted for most festival or honor orchestra auditions, and all major keys are included. 

One Octave Major Scales & Arpeggios

All major keys are included on one sheet with suggested fingerings for cello & bass. Violin, viola & cello are written for the octave requiring minimal or no shifting.

String Fundamentals & Daily Warm-ups

This multi-page exercise includes common rhythms, bow strokes, finger patterns, shifting, string crossing, and chromatic exercises. It provides a great condensed method to introduce many concepts.

PAWS (Placement, Angle, Weight & Speed)

This single sheet can be used for the entire orchestra to develop right hand skills related to tone production. Placement refers to bridge proximity; Angle refers to how many hairs touch the string; Weight refers to the distance between the stick & hair; and Speed refers to how fast the bow arm moves. 

Rhythm Grid

This single sheet can be used for the entire orchestra to develop better understanding of subdivision and how various rhythms relate while maintaining a steady pulse. This is good for clapping & counting exercise or great for establishing pulse with up vs. down bow. 

Half-Step Staircase & Solfege Guide

This worksheet introduces students to scale creation (with teacher guidance to complete some of the blanks). Once each note is visualized in its "natural" position along the staircase, students quickly gain an understanding of how a sharp of flat affects a note and how scales are created. Don't  be surprised if a hypothetical G# Major is easily figured out by your students!